WHAT IS DEPRESSION?
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person’s thoughts, behavior, feelings, and sense of well-being. A depressed mood is a normal temporary reaction to life events such as loss of a loved one.it is also a symptom of some mood disorders such as major depressive disorder or dysthymia.
Abuse: physical, sexual, or emotional abuse can cause depression later in life.
Certain medications: some drugs used to treat high blood pressure, such as beta-blockers or reserpine.
Conflict: personal conflicts with family members or friends.
Death or a loss: Sadness or grief from the death or loss of a loved one
Genetics: A family history of depression may increase the risk.
Major events: good events such as starting a new job, graduating, or getting married can lead to depression. So can moving, losing a job or income, getting divorced, or retiring.
Other problems: Problems such as social isolation due to other mental illnesses or being cast out of a family or social group can lead to depression.
Serious illnesses: Sometimes depression co-exists with a major illness .
Substance abuse: Nearly 30% of people with substance abuse problems also have major or clinical depression.
- Difficulty concentrating, thinking or making decisions
- Feeling sad or a depressed mood
- Loss of interest
- pleasure in activities once enjoyed
- weight loss or gain
- Sleeping pattern disturb
- Loss of energy
- Increase in physical activity (e.g., hand-wringing or pacing) or slowed movements and speech (actions observable by others)
- Feeling worthless or guilty
- social withdrawal
- Thoughts of suicide
1.Cognitive behavioral therapy
A talk therapy focused on modifying negative thoughts, behaviours and emotional responses associated with psychological distress.
A therapy focused on modifying harmful behaviours associated with psychological distress.
Treatment of mental or behavioural disorders through talk therapy.
1.Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI)
Eases symptoms of depressed mood and anxiety.
Prevents or relieves depression and elevates mood.
Relieves anxiety and tension. May promote sleep.
- Medical procedure
Treating mental illness by sending electric currents through the brain to trigger a seizure. Also known as shock treatment.